Government's Scheme to Promote PCB Waste Treatment

What are PCBs Scheme of PCB Waste Treatment JESCO's Five Regional Facilities Procedures for Treatment

Structure of the "PCB Special Measures Law "

The "Law concerning Special Measures for Promotion of Proper Treatment of PCB Wastes (PCB Special Measures Law)(Law No.65 of 2001) " was set up by the Central Government to establish framework for the prompt, secure and appropriate treatment of PCB wastes. The law defines the obligations of PCB waste holders, former PCB manufactures, central government and local governments, sets deadlines for treatment of PCB waste, and obliges the registration and public reporting of stored PCB waste.

Waste Holders
Report of Storage
  • The holders must annually report the storage and disposal of PCB waste to prefectural governors
  • Deadline for Disposal
  • PCB waste holders are to dispose or consign someone to dispose all PCB wastes by deadline set by the government.
  • Limitation of Assignment
  • To prevent illegal acts, assignment or transfer of PCB waste is limited.
  • Central Government & Prefectures
    Basic Plan / Plan for PCB waste treatment
  • The central government must establish basic plan for PCB waste treatment
  • Prefectures and government-decreed cities must establish plans for the treatment of PCB wastes, in response to the central government's basic plan.
  • Disclosure of Status of PCB waste storage
  • Prefectural governors or mayors of government-decreed cities must make available to the public the status of PCB waste storage and disposal annually.
  • PCB
    Product Liability
  • Former Manufacturers of PCB must cooperate with the central and local government
  • Contribution of Funds
  • Former manufacturers of PCBs and other groups are requested to contribute to the PCB Waste Treatment Fund for the promotion of PCB waste treatment.
    Safe and Steady Treatment

    Japan Environmental Storage & Safety Corporation (JESCO)
    PCB Waste Treatment Project Basic Plan
    * Japanese only
    * For outline of amended plan dated June 18, 2014 click here.
    Environmental Restoration and Conservation Agency (ERCA)
    PCB Waste Treatment Fund
    * This Fund was transfered to the Environmental Restoration and Conservation Agency (ERCA)on Apr. 1, 2004.

    Certification Application for Detoxification of extremely low-level PCB wastes

    To promote the appropriate treatment of PCB waste, the Ministry of the Environment implemented a certification system in Nov. 2009 for businesses detoxifying waste electrical machinery contaminated by small amounts of PCB, using sophisticated technologies (mainly combustion using dioxin-controlled incinerators) in compliance with the Waste Management and Public Cleansing Law. As of May 2012, five civillian facilities have been approved nationwide.

    Government's Measures to ensure Safety of PCB Transportation

    To transport wastes in Japan as a business, transportation companies need to obtain license from the prefecture (or government-decreed cities) where they wish to pickup or deliver wastes, in accordance with the Waste Management Law. To obtain license to transport PCB wastes, companies must meet requirements such as 1) airtight containers with measures to prevent leakage, 2)emergency equipment on vehicles and communication equipment for emergencies, 3)employees who handle PCBs (such as drivers) to be well acquainted with the nature of PCB, and have knowledge and skill to handle emergencies in case of an accident.

    PCB waste holders must entrust licensed transportation companies to transport their PCB waste or, when transporting themselves they must follow the requirements of the prefectures or governmnent-decreed cities envolved. When carrying in PCB wastes to JESCO facilities, the transporter must also receive authorization from JESCO.

    In March 2004, The Ministry of the Environment established the "PCB Waste Collection and Transport Guideline" (revised August 2011), which specifies technical requirements to adhere standards for transportation of PCB wastes, based on the Waste Management Law.

    Contents of the "PCB Waste Collection and Transport Guideline"
    [Collection and Transportation]
    1. Preliminary Survey and Contract
    2. Collection and Transportation Method
    3. Signs and Labels
    4. Documents to Carry
    [Safety and Operation Management]
    1. Safety Management System
    2. Training of Employees Involved
    3. Transportation Plan
    4. Operation Management
    5. Reporting
    [Carriage Containers]
    1. Standard of Containers
    2. Types of Containers
    3. Testing of Containers
    4. Selecting of Containers
    5. Reuse of Containers
    6. Maintenance of Containers
    [In Case of Emergency]
    1. Preventive Measures
    2. Emergency Contact List
    3. Emergency Measures

    Correlation Chart & Flow of PCB Waste Treatment

    JESCO will establish and operate five regional plants nationwide, according to the PCB Waste Treatment Basic Plan, established by the Ministry of the Environment (MOE). Construction fees are subsidized by the central government, and JESCO will follow directions of the central government and the local authority.

    PCB waste holders must report to prefectures the status of their PCB wastes each year, and must treat the wastes by deadline set by the government or entrust JESCO to treat the wastes by JESCO's deadlines for completion of scheduled treatment. To carry in the wastes to JESCO facilities, the holders must entrust a licensed tranportation company.
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